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School Legal Guidelines

Legislation concerning conditions in the labor market and working life is also applicable to schools. The Law assures employees of the right to information and negotiations before major alterations to school activities are decided on. Various enactments concerning the entitlement of employees to leave of absence -for child care or in order to study, for example – also apply to school staff.

The legislation contains more detailed provisions concerning the organization of teaching, the constitution of various conferences, the duties of headmasters and teaching staff, the organization of school management and teaching appointments and eligibility for the same, decision-making powers in various matters and rights of appeal against particular decisions.  

The Education law includes a provision making it the Government’s business to issue a Curriculum for compulsory schools. This curriculum is the instrument whereby the community controls schools and their staff. It is divided into two parts, a General Part and a set of related commentaries. The General Part lays down the goals and guidelines of school activities. It also includes time schedules, time schedule regulations and syllabi.  

Goals and Guidelines are based on the formulation of goals to be found in the Education law. It enlarges on these goals and indicates the guidelines for the local planning activities of local education authorities.  

Individual schools, work units and class committees. In certain cases the Education Law contains more detailed provisions. That the Guidelines, especially where decision-making powers and organization are concerned. In cases of this kind, the Guidelines and the Law have to be implemented conjointly. The time schedules and the time schedule regulations indicate the time per pupil which is normally to be devoted to different subjects or groups of subjects at different school levels.  

The syllabi describe, under the heading of Goals and Main items, the focus of teaching and the content of different subjects. The General Part of the Curriculum contains syllabi for the subject’s common to all pupils, and it also includes syllabi for English and French (as second foreign language), home languages and Portuguese as a foreign language, together with guidelines for the typing lessons which are a compulsory ingredient of the pupils’ training in skills.  

The Curriculum also includes extensive commentaries to support local development work. These commentaries are published, revised and updated on continuous bases. They do not include any regulations as such. Instead they are intended to describe current problems and difficulties as experienced by people working in  international schools, and on this basis to discuss alternative methods of tackling these problems and difficulties and working in the direction indicated by the goals laid down for schools. Experience and research findings are successively fed back into revised version of the commentaries, and various goal conflicts are elucidated.  

Reports on research, experimental activities, everyday school experiences and current problems can provide a starting point for discussions and decisions concerning different working methods, subject matter selection and forms of organization. Together with information, in-service training, local development work and teaching material development, the commentaries should be able to make an active contribution towards the renewal of content, working methods and organization.  

In this way the commentaries should be able to provide inspiration for the working plans and development curricula which are to be drawn up locally within each school management.  

The commentaries deal with problems specific to individual subjects and with alternative working methods. They are also intended to shed light on various salient questions concerning the internal work of schools, above all by furnishing information and suggestions in the following fields:  

-working plans  

-development of basic skills  

-evaluation within the class, the work unit, the school management.    

-assistance to pupils in difficulties  

-free study options  

-the pupils’ own responsibility for school work  

-parental participation in schools

A Guide for Kung Fu Schools in China – How to Pick the School That Is Right for You

Here is a guide for looking for kung fu schools in China. It is a general check list of what to look for in a great kung fu school. First explore what part of China you want to travel, live and train in. Determine what style you want to practice and how do they train. Then what is the overall atmosphere of the martial arts academy like.

What Region

There are kung fu schools located throughout China.

Shaolin Temple is in the heart of China and martial arts. It is located in Henan province which is a poorer part of China. Don’t expect to live in plush hotels, it is more hardcore living. Not everyone that travels here is satisfied with the learning experience, they feel it has become too commercialized and some of the masters that teach are “soft”. Still it many like to come here for different reasons – the history (for thousands of years monks have been training here), the atmosphere (seeing hundreds and thousands of students training can be quite a thrill), the performance (some prefer modern wushu over traditional), know a good master.

Wudang Mountain This place is mysterious and legendary. With the wispy clouds and temples clinging to cliffs, it’s certainly a favorite for many. The styles primarily taught here are considered internal. Styles such as Tai Chi, Bagua, Baiji, and Xingyi. They also practice Qigong, but isn’t considered Wudang style per se.

Chen Village is also call Chenjiaogou is all Tai Chi. For those that love Tai Chi, it can’t get any more hardcore than here. Though it is a small farm village with 3,000 people, 2,500 of them practice the art. Several legendary masters teach here like Wang Xi’an.

Beijing has many masters that train and teach both in the schools and parks. Going to the Temple of Heaven and Temple of Earth early in the morning you will find many people exercising and training. Beijing Sports University trains many elite Wu Shu performers, like Jet Li.

Shandong Province is known for Praying Mantis and there are several Shaolin masters that teach there as well. There are several schools established for westerners as well as masters teaching out in the park.

The Key Know that not all masters in the schools are going to be the best, some of the best are hidden, training with a small group early in the morning. Explore your options.

Type of Training:

Training kung fu forms – All kung fu is going to include forms and drills. Some kung fu schools focus more on the performance side of it as in modern wu shu and some are more traditional where they teach the applications of the forms. Both are fine to study in, it’s just that you need to know clearly what it is that you want out of the training. Some traditional kung fu isn’t as pretty but can be much more effective in self-defense and applying power.

Application of kung fu forms – If you want to learn how to defend your self and make kung fu effective, you must practice the applications on a regular basis. This will include sparring of some kind. Some masters have different theories towards sparring. Some say you must wait until you reach a certain level before you do full contact and will teach a more safe “one-step” sparring where one person attacks in specific way, and another defends. This is useful in drilling the specific action in a more “live” way to build up muscle memory. Others will prefer the students get started immediately in sparring, though going lighter and half power. To really learn how to fight and defend yourself, there is no other way around putting on the gloves and banging it out, to see how you react under pressure and pain. This can take place much later in your training if you don’t feel ready and is probably counter-effective if done too soon.

The masters – The master you train with will make the difference in your experience. First is that the master must be good and if he/she claims a lineage, they are able to prove it. Aside from skill and teaching ability, a good master will have a positive attitude and is able to push the students to higher levels. The master should have a similar attitude that you have towards training. Some practice as a peaceful lifestyle others learn it to compete, fight, and get tough. Different styles will stress each area differently, for example Tai Chi is about harmony whereas Crazy Monk kung fu is about devastating attacks. Just be sure the master is someone you look up to and respect.

The Kung Fu School

Kung Fu Schools: The schools vary quite a bit in China. Some are opened by locals and others by westerners. Overall though, the key things to look for are:

  1. Bedrooms – Will you share a room? What is the condition of the rooms? What is included? Internet? Bedding? Table? Heating in the winter – some places can be a bit chilly.
  2. Food – What type of food do they serve? Some places follow a special diet so check if they are all vegetarian or not. If you have special requests, check if they can manage it for you. Ask whether they can avoid Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) which is in most Chinese food, most places can avoid it.
  3. Showers and bathrooms – is it a community shower/bathroom or personal. Most likely it will be community.
  4. Payments – What is the total fee that you must pay up front? Some schools split it up the cost between “tuition” and “living expense”, others group it in as one price. What kind of refund will they provide (if any)? How is the school managed overall? China has different ways of doing business and in the past this has caused conflicts, so read about other students experience to get a good feel for the school.
  5. Training hall – Do they provide sparring gear? Weight sets? Indoor or outdoor training. How often will you train? Most schools will provide at least the basics of weapons and an indoor training hall.
  6. Atmosphere – What is the atmosphere of the school like? Is it organized and disciplined? Do the classes start on time? What are the attitudes of the students? The best way to know is from when you contact with the school, do they respond quickly and answer your questions? Also see if you can contact previous students and email them. Ask what they typical day is like. What do they think of the masters, the staff, the food, other students, how ‘gung-ho’ were students about training? What is the surrounding area like? Is it in the city or the country side? How far is it from town? You can also look online at different forums and reviews that have been written. The more questions and research you do before going, the better your experience will be.

Managing to a Strategic Advantage

Passing Backwards

Rugby is distinguished from football; the ball can only be passed backwards. The object of the fast-moving game is to win points by carrying, passing, kicking and grounding the ball.

There is no stopping for time outs, limited substitutions and no pads. Rough tackles mean no wimps allowed. Ball control is by brute force. If you are averse to copious amounts of pain, this is a game you watch, not a game you play. You can call rugby a study in the new rules of leadership and management.

Only the fittest survive where deficiencies are quickly exposed. The variation of skills and physical requirements means there is opportunity for individuals of every shape, size and ability…as long as you have the courage.

Managers can get power from hoarding information without sharing it, they hold on to the ball. Then they wonder why teammates don’t like to play with them. Managers who don’t play the game to let others win will not likely be leaders tomorrow.

Much of conventional wisdom in management is counterproductive. If you want to help people achieve their best, they have to be in the game for more than a job or a paycheck. People do things for their reasons, not yours. Forget phony praise, baloney feedback, and useless criticism. Focus on the work environment and use tactics to influence self motivation. When people do things for their own reasons is when they do their best.

In order to move forward you can win more by getting out of the way. It’s a hard lesson for people in authority to learn if they want to be the winner and score all the points themselves.

Managing Is A Team Sport

The insider’s secret is to understand how people are motivated. Use this knowledge as a strategy to manage more effectively. Knowing why people do things not just how they do things is a strategic advantage. Everyone has unique backgrounds, viewpoints, cultures, and experiences. People see things from their perspective, not yours.

What we understand about motivation is it drives all of us. However, it’s important to understand why you cannot drive other people’s motivations or change their values. People understand motivation from their perspective; it’s what works for them. You cannot assume your motivation will work for others.

The way to motivate and manage people more effectively is to create an environment for the situation. People in the right environment with the right incentive will motivate themselves. Adjust your attitude towards others and do not expect others to adjust to you.

The following principles allow you to create environments that strong-minded and creative people can work in. The right environment will allow people to take ownership of what they do. The distinction between average management and extraordinary managers is trust, not envy, or control. To be relevant in today’s new workplace, understanding how motivation works is essential.

Motivation Principles:

o All people are motivated

o You can’t motivate other people

o People do things for their reasons, not your reasons

o A person’s strength overused may become their weakness

o The very best one can do to motivate others is to create an environment that allows specific individuals to motivate themselves

Managers and Leaders do it Different

Managers supervise. They rely on operating skills, organizational ability and use power, authority and resources to achieve the organizational goals. The job is to be sure employees get things done right with efficiency. Managers solve problems and create policies.

Leaders and entrepreneurs develop visions, use business insight, and rely on communication and people skills. They empower others to get results. They look for opportunities to do things through innovation and creativity.

Leaders tend to have less formal arrangements of the decision making and supervision process. The difference between leaders and managers is style. People with confidence deal directly and openly with problems and are not afraid to make people angry when making an unpopular decision. However, good leaders are also able to manage and mangers are also able to lead.

What is critical in today’s workplace is the ability to have others become part of the success, not in spite of it. Understanding motivation is how you lead others to greatness. It takes a commitment to learn new skills but in times of change, you absolutely must stay relevant. Old school management is out. Managers who don’t lead but simply make rules and laws kill the spirit. They are out of step with the times.

Rewards come to leaders and managers who use intelligence and do the right things. The wealth in management and leadership comes in creating excellence in people. The best performing managers’ help others accomplish goals and let them enjoy winning.

People are the wealth, not the business. The job of the manager and leader is to inspire others to create success. Hire the best, let others play in the game and lead like a champion. People around you will help you get to the goal and push you forward.